Question:
http://www.lintcode.com/en/problem/house-robber-iii/
The thief has found himself a new place for his thievery again. There is only one entrance to this area, called the "root." Besides the root, each house has one and only one parent house. After a tour, the smart thief realized that "all houses in this place forms a binary tree". It will automatically contact the police if two directly-linked houses were broken into on the same night.

Determine the maximum amount of money the thief can rob tonight without alerting the police.

``````class Solution {
public:
int houseRobber3(TreeNode* root) {
unordered_map<TreeNode*, int> m;
return dfs(root, m);
}
int dfs(TreeNode *root, unordered_map<TreeNode*, int> &m) {
if (!root) return 0;
if (m.count(root)) return m[root];
int val = 0;
if (root->left) {
val += dfs(root->left->left, m) + dfs(root->left->right, m);
}
if (root->right) {
val += dfs(root->right->left, m) + dfs(root->right->right, m);
}
val = max(val + root->val, dfs(root->left, m) + dfs(root->right, m));
m[root] = val;
return val;
}
};
``````