Ensuring Smooth Spring Boot Testing with Oracle-Style Queries in H2 Database

Ensuring Smooth Spring Boot Testing with Oracle-Style Queries in H2 Database
Photo by David Becker / Unsplash

Are you facing issues running Spring Boot tests due to Oracle-specific functions not being recognized in your H2 in-memory database? If so, you're not alone. Many developers encounter difficulties when testing Spring Boot applications that rely on Oracle-specific features like DUAL, SYSDATE, TO_DATE, or rownum.

Fortunately, there's a straightforward solution that allows you to configure your H2 database to behave more like an Oracle database during testing. By setting the H2 mode to Oracle and using the Oracle dialect with Hibernate, you can ensure that your tests run smoothly without any errors related to Oracle-specific syntax or functions.

Here's how to do it:

1. Configure H2 to Oracle Mode:

In your application.properties or application.yml, set the H2 database URL to Oracle mode:


This configuration tells H2 to behave like an Oracle database and recognize Oracle-specific syntax and functions.

2. Use Oracle Dialect with Hibernate:

Specify the Oracle dialect for Hibernate in your application.properties or application.yml:


This ensures that Hibernate generates SQL statements compatible with Oracle databases.

Example Usage:

Now, you can write and run your tests with Oracle-style queries without encountering any issues. For example:

@Query("SELECT sysdate FROM DUAL")
List<Date> getSysdateFromDual();

@Query("SELECT * FROM your_table WHERE date_column >= TO_DATE('2024-01-01', 'yyyy-MM-dd')")
List<YourEntity> findByDateAfter(@Param("date") String date);


  • Seamless Testing: With H2 configured to Oracle mode and using the Oracle dialect with Hibernate, your tests can seamlessly run Oracle-style queries without errors.
  • Closer to Production Environment: By mimicking Oracle database behavior, your tests closely resemble the behavior of your production environment, leading to more reliable testing results.
  • Efficient Development: You can develop and test your Spring Boot applications with confidence, knowing that your tests accurately reflect real-world scenarios.

By following these steps, you can ensure smooth testing of your Spring Boot applications, even when using Oracle-specific features in your queries.

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